For the most illumination on the neuroses of early Waugh, my vote goes to Zelda, by Nancy Milford (Harper & Row). Supporting biographical data are in P. Quennell's undated "Evelyn Waugh" in page 2, The Best Of "Speaking Of Books" From The New York Times Book Review (Holt, R. & W.), B. Nichols' The Sun In My Eyes (Heinemann), and maybe A. Fremantle's Three-Cornered Heart (Viking). There was disappointment in N. Cunard's These Were The Hours (So. III.) and E. Salter's Last Years Of A Rebel (Houghton). Salter does not mention Waugh; will it be so in Edith Sitwell : Selected Letters 1919-1964 (Vanguard)? Mr. Quennell allots a much larger ration than he had earlier in The Sign Of The Fish (Collins), some of which can be used to explain some nasty remarks about the Daily Mail reviewer. Mr. Nichols is usually good for an index entry, here rationing data about politics, pederasty, and about Waugh's religion's being "grounded in scholarship and cemented by conviction." Some, too, can be found in Alec Waugh's Wines And Spirits (Time-Life Books).
Other places to search are found in A. Newnham's "Evelyn Waugh's Library" (Libr. Chron. /, #1 (N.S.), 24-61) where a fast survey of the Univ. of Texas' holdings in presentation copies is given - Waugh searchers need this issue. The ultimate biography will have to be done by one of our scholars for Mr. Sykes will not be intent on details. Bits may be found in EWN: R. M. Davis' commentary "Evelyn Waugh and Brian Howard", (4:2, 5-6), his "Some Unidentified Works by Evelyn Waugh" (4:3, 6-7), P. A. Doyle's "Evelyn's Letters at Boston U." (4:3, 5-6), his "Brief Comments" (4:2, 9), and A. Borrello's "Evelyn Waugh and Earle Stanley Gardner" (4:3, 1-3) (related to Evelyn Gardner?). With P. D. Farr's "Evelyn Waugh: Tradition and A Modern Talent" (So. Atl. Q., 68:4, 506-19), these all provide slants for biography.
Mr. Farr's "Evelyn Waugh: Supplementary Bibliography" (BB, 26:67-68, 87) and Mr. Kosok's (EWN, 4:1, 6-) must remind me of Mr. Doyle's lament in his, W. Bogaards, and R. M. Davis, "Works of Waugh, 1940-66; A Supplementary Bibliography, Part I" (EWN, 4:3, 7-10). I had tried to get BB, to use all I had for 1910-1940, but, eventually, my mentor Earle Davis pressed his man Warren French and part of it got into TCL; the matter is to be remedied by R. M. Davis, et al. projected composite bibliography. Somewhat parallel is another matter: Mr. La France's "Charles E. Linck's Bibliography . . ." (EWN, 4:2, 8-9) reminds me, in association with Farr's and Kosok's listings of Waugh's "British Worthies" - my slum-dwelling student badgering Waugh's friends with addresses obtained from Who's Who incited his wrath. Could current visitors search for early 'thirties' Daily Mail items, too? I had no clues to them then. And, added to Mr. Kosok's German we now have Y. Tosser's "Bibliography of Waugh Criticism (French Area): Part I" (EWN, 4:1, 8-9); France and Africa are geographical fronts from which we should obtain more memoir-biographical matter.
R. M. Davis's "Harper's Bazaar and A Handful Of Dust" (P. Q., 48:4, 508-16) is a collation wherein he considers the 50 substantive variants from serial to novel which demonstrate the taste of smart 1934 and Waugh's "changing conception of tone appropriate to his book." This 3-text look precedes a 6-text alignment, I hope, adding the Harper's Bazaar (London), the Chapman & Hall first edition, and the fine-paper one? The prospects make this the most pleasing item of the season. Likable too is W. Bogaards, "The Conclusion of Waugh's Trilogy: Three Variants" (EWN, 4:2, 6-7), inspired by Mr. Carens's last Spring's considerations of the shifting numbers of Guy's children - isn't the matter satisfactorily settled? Perhaps good casebooks for the masses are in the works here? As Mr. Davis's repeated item, "Textual Problems in the Novels of Evelyn Waugh" (PBSA, 62:259-63; 63:41-46), constantly argues, the variants in Waugh's texts need something like a Norton or a Viking critical edition apiece. Attention to variants is paid in C. Wooton's "Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited : War and Limited Hope" (Midwest Q.. 10:359-75); here the plot-character-technique structure shows mimetic-artistic results to alleviate the didacticism, an Aristotelean analysis, a proper job of work.
Three audio-visual programs have been reported. G. D. Phillips, "Waugh's Sword Of Honour on BBC-TV" (EWN, 4:3, 3-4), praised the 1967 adaptation of Giles Cooper; the three 95 minute parts had been approved by Waugh, the religion was right, and when shall we see it? D. J. Dooley, "The Council's First Victim" (Triumph, 5:33-35), synopsized last October '69's C.B.C. 2-hour "A Profile of Evelyn Waugh" in which host Nathan Cohen remarked the bullish Waugh market and cited EWN, too; emphasis here is on Robertson Davies' view that "Waugh's religious and social principles (were) absolutely basic to his humor" which gradually changed to a "siege mentality" and, thus, Pope John's Liberal Church had Waugh as first victim. My own two showings of "The Scarlet Woman", to the C.E.A. Directors at the Denver M.L.A. and to the First National Meeting of the C.E.A. at South Bend, both sponsored by Prof. J. D. Thomas of Rice, were reported in C.E.A. and S.C.M.L.A. journals; in these genial gatherings none walked out in shock or horror, all being "liberal supernaturalists" I suppose.
A second triad is G. Kellogg's "The Catholic Novel in Convergence" (Thought, 45:265-96), Miss V. E. Markovic's The Changing Face: Disintegration Of Personality In The Twentieth Century British Novel, 1900-1950 (So. Ill.), and C. W. Lane's "Waugh's Book Reviews for Night And Day" (EWN, 4:1, 1-2), all historical. Mr. Kellogg's seems a precis of his book The Vital Tradition: The Catholic Novel In A Period Of Convergences (Loyola), which I've not seen; the argument is that Waugh's secular novels are good art because of abrasive contact between juxtaposed Roman Catholic-secular worlds - any "Catholic Novel" is a definite falling off. Miss Markovic's thesis book chooses Tony Last to represent the lowest point in a devolution of novel characters, from Conrad's Liberal Tradition's Jim onward to a slight rise in Gully Jimson; Tony is as non-existing as the hero of No Exit or a character in Godot. (Is it irrelevant to wonder if anyone has noted a pun from Waugh's school story about Anthony who sought lost things?) Oddly, there is an Index which doesn't include Waugh or Tony. Mr. Lane cites the 1937 Night And Day showing Waugh's political yet broadminded bias and his lasting quality; had not university "self study" intruded, my contribution to Davis' essay collection might have sounded much like this.
A dozen remaining items were "readings" which ought to have benefited from Mr. Costello's device for separating satire and comedy (Kans. Q., 1 :3, 41-50). This seminar group awesomely discovered Waugh was a satirist, with all the demeaning didacticism entailed therein. By using the Exponential Approach, however, some also extending it to the Comparative Method, they all in all are a pretty good Summer School Waugh Seminar group. Opening remarks made by Miss P. Corr, "A Handful Of Dust" (A.T.E. Summer School, 1969, no other data available), demonstrated with a variety of approaches how to get things started. R. T. Burbridge's "The Function of Gossip, Rumor, and Public Opinion in Evelyn Waugh's A Handful Of Dust" (EWN, 4:2, 3-5) used these exponents on the mythological-belief system being satirized. F. M. Kearful's "Tony Last and Ike McCaslin: the Loss of a Usable Past" (U. Windsor (Ont.) Rev., 3:2, 45-52) stressed their legacies to record about 4 on the Richter scale - that Waugh's "comic detachment" and Tony's "ability to suffer" are eons from Miss Markovic's Blah! Tony is worth teacher's praise. J. S. Mehoke's "Sartre's Theory of Emotion and Three English Novelists: Waugh, Green (as in Yorke), and Amis" (Wisc. St. in Lit., #3:105-13) saucily combines Sartre and the picaro into a clever discussion of Waugh's "confidence man," registering about a 3 on the scale. H. E. Semple's "Evelyn Waugh's Modern Crusade" (Eng. St. in Africa (Johannesburg - is there one in Addis Ababa?), 11:47-59) treats of the "redeemably bad" in Brideshead with a shift to Sword via the operation of Grace. H. Hart's "A Touch of Chrism" (Triumph, 5:28-30, 32-33) uses A Little Learning to point up an early-late portrait of Waugh's "panic-stricken protection of a profound vulnerability"; there is a father-son psychosis behind the anti-mod politics vs. civilization's losses, with fulfillment in death - one or more of these indeterminate papers is average. Better is J. Gleason's "Evelyn Waugh and the Stylistics of Commitment" (Wisc. St. in Lit., #2:70-74): Brideshead was no reversal because the Great House symbol had been there all along - has someone offered a similar thesis since, or before? Mr. Kosok did "The Film World of Vile Bodies" (EWN, 4:2, 1-2) to show how the comical movie in the novel is integral to the overall structure of the unreal world represented, with proper references used. P. D. Farr's "Evelyn Waugh: Tradition and a Modern Talent" (So. Atl. Q., 68:4, 506-19) cited A Little Learning to separate the old and the modern social scene, a use of bio.-hist. also to some purpose.* J. Delbaere-Garant's "'Who Shall Inherit England? ': A Comparison Between Howards End, Parade's End, and Unconditional Surrender" (Eng. St. (Amsterdam-Copenhagen), 50: 1, 101-105) would upset Mrs. Bogaards with his speculations about all three books' having illegitimate children to inherit the property that represents England; Waugh's sociological result is a pole opposite from Forster's and Ford's. Then B. Benstock's "The Present Recaptured: D. H. Lawrence and Others" (So. Rev., 4:802-16) has 1930 the fulcrum year with Waugh, Huxley, Orwell, and Greene poor seconds to the earlier greats, though Miss Nin may overtop Firbank. And there is always one to use the Waugh Seminar peg to hang an Amis paper on: V. A. Shaw's "The Middle Age of Mrs. Eliot and Late Call: Angus Wilson's Traditionalism" Crit. Q., 12:1,9-27) puts an Edmund Wilson remark on page nine and again on page 26 to get this listed in Abstracts of English Studies as a Waugh item, which it isn't. As someone shouted during the D. H. Lawrence Festival, Taos, "Go start your own Tolstoy Festival!" But, all the class used an Approach even though they found satire one may say; still we need something - something, perhaps, like the intellectual toughness in T. Eagleton's Exiles and Emigres, Studies in Modern Literature (Schocken), about which more later. Shall we not pray that Waugh studies do not expire in the ennui of massive cliche?
Further there is the homage of name-dropping. F. P. W. McDoweII's surveys (Contemp. Lit., 11:4, 561-63; 9:1, 560) note Auberon "May yet be his father's best successor" with his charitable, later-Waugh manner, and, in comments on R. Rabinovitz's The Reaction Against Experiment In The English Novel, 1950-60 (Col. U.), he allows Waugh's name to be mentioned. This isn't so peculiar, perhaps, but R. M. Davis had a chance in his review article (PLL, 6:211-) and he didn't! - aren't subscriptions coming in, Bob? An additional book I've not seen is H. C. Webster's After The Trauma: Representative British Novelists Since 1920 (U. Ky.) (note these book titles!), but a reviewer (ELT, 13:4, 305) identifies its slant that Unconditional Surrender is a "beautiful flawed novel." Then, most recently, is Russell Baker's syndicated Washington column entitled "Poor Grimes: Nobody Wants to Kidnap Him."
It is a bullish Waugh market; may the name continue to pop up.
There is, finally, an announcement (C.E.A. Critic, 33:2, 36) that Conradiana's Bojarski will do a Thesis Bibliography Series and Waugh will be given a volume: our most hopeful wishes may well go with him in this - the recent dissertation titles indicate horrible repetitiousness, as if none have explored L. MacNamee's Dissertations In English and American Literature (Bowker).
* Incidentally, since I am revealing personal matters as Waugh did in his late '50's and early '60's review articles, may I in all humility observe that I've always suspected Terence Greenidge lent Waugh my dissertation and that A Little Learning was designed to destruct most of my conclusions instantly?
(This listing is a continuation of an annotated bibliography of Waugh letters previously appearing in EWN, II (Spring 1968), 6 and (Winter 1968), 3-4.)
|14. ALS.||1p. Engraved heading reading "from Mr. Evelyn Waugh." n.d., but written at the time Alastair Graham printed Waugh's PRB booklet in 1926. To. Mr. Newidigate (He was in charge of the Shakespeare Head Press where PRB was printed). "Alastair asked me to send you a copy of this little essay of mine which he printed, on your press. It was extraordinarily kind of you to allow us to use it - I only wish it was more worthy."|
|15. ACCS.||Engraved heading consists of initials "EW." n.d., corresp. unknown. Sends thanks for a copy of Mixed Company. "I have never read any novels by Lawrence Oliver and certainly don't write them. The color of my hair varies with its cleanliness; eyebrows at the caprice of the photographer."|
|16. ALS.||1p. Piers Court, Nr. Dursley, Glos., Nov. 29, n.y., corresp. unknown. Thanks correspondent for inviting him to participate in the next Cheltenham Festival. "I simply don't understand all this modern craze for Festivals and confess that I find it painfully un English. If people like books lei them sit at home and read them. If they don't let them hunt - foxes and do petit point stichery. But why should they be dragged to Cheltenham to hear me give tongue?"|
|17. ALS.||2pp. Piers Court, Nr. Dursley, Glos., n.y. (1947?). To Mr. Mays. Thanks Mays for ordering a station wagon, which is now in Cork, for his use. He has not yet made the necessary arrangements for traveling to Ireland. Invites Mays to his home if he comes before wintertime. "I am afraid I have not yet written anything suitable for your magazine. Since returning from USA I have worked on a novelette about Californian funerary customs which will be unsuitable, I think, for publication anywhere in the United States."|
|18. APCS.||Piers Court, Stinchcombe, Dursley, Glos., n.d. but pencilled 10/3/55 by another hand. To Ernest Rosdall. "I am glad you like Helena. It is my own favorite." He will gladly autograph Rosdall's copy if it is sent to Piers Court.|
|19. APCS.||Combe Florey House, n.d., To John Montgomery (associated with Waugh's literary agent). "These men worthy people. I've no objection to their publishing a translation of Helena. You might suggest Campion as a second book. I would sooner have sterling, of course, but I might find a use for Polish currency."|
Heinz Kosok (University of Marburg, Germany)
This is a continuation of the earlier checklists, published in Evelyn Waugh Newsletter (EWN), II, i; III, i; and IV, i. It includes books and articles published since 1969, as well as some items omitted from the previous lists.
Benstock, Bernard, "The Present Recaptured: D. H. Lawrence and Others," Southern Review, IV (July 1968), 802-816.
Bergonzi, Bernard, The Situation of the Novel (London, 1970), pp. 104-118 and passim.
Bogaards, Winnifred M., "The Conclusion of Waugh's Trilogy: Three Variants", EWN, IV, ii (1970), 6-7
Borrello, Alfred, "Evelyn Waugh and Erie Stanley Gardner", EWN, IV, iii (197) 1-3.
Burbridge, Roger T., "The Function of Gossip, Rumor, and Public Opinion in Evelyn Waugh's A Handful of Dust", EWN, IV, ii (1970), 3-5.
Burgess, Anthony, "Waugh Begins", Urgent Copy: Literary Studies (London, 1968), pp. 21-26.
Burgess, Anthony, "The Comedy of Ultimate Truths", Urgent Copy: Literary Studies (London, 1968), pp. 26-29.
Cameron, J. M., "The Catholic Novelist and European Culture", Twentieth Century Studies, No.1 ( March, 1969), 79-94.
Carens, James F., "The Year's Work in Waugh Studies", EWN, IV, i (1970), 3-6.
Cook, William J., "The Personae Technique of Evelyn Waugh", Unpub. Doct. Diss. (Auburn, 1969).
Davis, Robert Murray, "Evelyn Waugh and Brian Howard", EWN, IV, ii (1970), 5-6.
Davis, Robert Murray, "Some Unidentified Works by Evelyn Waugh", EWN, IV, iii (1970), 6-7.
Delbaere-Garant, J., "'Who shall inherit England?' A Comparison between Howards End, Parade's End and Unconditional Surrender", English Studies, L (1969),101-105.
Dooley, D. J., "The Council's First Victim," Triumph, V (June 1970), 33-35
Doyle, Paul A., "Evelyn's Letters at Boston University," EWN, IV, iii (1970), 5-6.
Doyle, Paul A., Winnifred Bogaards, and Robert M. Davis, "Works of Waugh 1940-66: A Supplementary Bibliography, Part I", EWN, IV, iii (1970), 7-10.
Farr, D. Paul, "Evelyn Waugh: A Supplemental Bibliography," BB, XXVI (July-September 1969), 67-68, 87.
Farr, D. Paul, "Evelyn Waugh: Tradition and a Modern Talent", South Atlantic Quarterly, LXVIII (1969), 506-519.
Freemantle, Anne, Three-Cornered Heart (New York, 1970), pp. 286-292.
Fricker, Robert, Der moderne englische Roman (Gottingen, rev, ed. 1966), pp. 196-203.
Gleason, James, "Evelyn Waugh and the Stylistics of Commitment", Wisconsin Studies in Literature, No.2 (1965), 70-74.
Hart, Jeffrey, "A Touch of Chrism," Triumph, V (June 1970), 28-30, 32-33.
Hohoff, Curt, "Satire als Zeugnis", Geist und Ursprung: Zur modernen Literatur (Munchen, 1954), pp. 218-227.
Holman-Hunt, Diana, My Grandfather, His Wives and Loves (New York, 1969), pp. 13-17, 20-26 and passim.
Johnson, Robert V., "The Early Novels of Evelyn Waugh", in: John Colmer (ed.), Approaches to the Novel (Edinburgh and London, 1967), pp. 78-89.
Kahrmann, Bernd, Die idyIlische Szene im zeitgenössischen englischen Roman, Linguistica et Litteraria (Bad Homburg, Berlin, Zurich, 1969), pp. 62-65 on Brideshead Revisited).
Kellogg, Gene, "The Catholic Novel in Convergence," Thought, XLV (Summer 1970), 265-296.
Kernan, Alvin, B., "Running in Circles: The Early Novels of Evelyn Waugh", The Plot of Satire, (New Haven and London, 1965), 143-167.
Kosok, Heinz, "The Film World of Evelyn Waugh", EWN, IV, ii (1970), 1-2.
LaFrance, Marston, "Charles E. Linck's Bibliography of Waugh's Early Work, 1910-1930: Some Additions and Corrections", EWN, IV, ii (1970), 8-9.
Lane, Calvin W., "Waugh's Book Reviews for Night and Day", EWN, IV, i (1970), 1-3.
Linck, Charles E., "A Waugh letter Postmarked Chicago", EWN, IV, i (1970), 8.
Mehoke, James S., "Sartre's Theory of Emotion and Three English Novelists: Waugh, Green, and Amis", Wisconsin Studies in Literature, No.3 (1966), 105-113.
Phillips, Gene D., "Waugh's Sword of Honour on BBC-TV", EWN, IV, iii (1970), 3-4.
Schlüter, Kurt, "Evelyn Waugh", in: Horst W. Drescher (ed.), Englische Literatur der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen (Stuttgart, 1970), pp. 23-46.
Symons, Julian, "A Long Way from Firbank", Critical Occasions (London, 1966), 74-79.
Tosser, Yvon, "Bibliography of Waugh Criticism (French Area): Part I", EWN, IV, i (1970), 8-9.
Wooton, Carl, "Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited: War and Limited Hope", Midwest Quarterly, X (1969), 359-375.
Thomas Gribble (University College, Swansea, Wales)
On December 9 of last year the BBC broadcast a ninety minute television adaption of Vile Bodies which was dramatized by John and Michael Ashe. Because of the industrial dispute with the electricity workers it had a limited showing throughout Britain, but fortunately their 'go-slow' did not affect the viewing in Waugh's beloved Wales. The adaption followed the story line of the book as closely as possible but some scenes were either cut or telescoped because of the time limitation of television. The major changes were the altering of Adam's "vile bodies" speech almost out of existence, the heavy emphasis on Lottie Crump (played by Vivian Pickles), and the omission of Father Rothschild's dissertation on the Bright Young People which he gave to Outrage and Lord Metroland at Margot's party. Oddly enough, this speech was also omitted from a radio adaption of Vile Bodies that was presented earlier in the year. (BBC Radio 4, 31 Oct 1970, adapted by Barry Campbell with Lynn Redgrave as Agatha Runcible). The effect of these changes was to put more emphasis on humor at the expense of underlying seriousness in the adaptation in contrast to the book, and this was perhaps the major weakness of the televised version. While Waugh's dialogue of the Bright Young People came across well on the whole, Agatha's recounting of her dream about the race seemed forced and uneven, even though her delirious state is taken into account. This, however, seems to be more the fault of the book than the actress. The quick change of scene which gave such a frenzied atmosphere in the book strangely enough didn't work on television as the fade-ins and fade-outs from one scene to the next muted much of the action. The characters of Adam and Nina as being slightly more aware of their situation was well done as was the making and showing of Col. Blount's movie which clearly demonstrated Heinz Kosok's comments on "The Film World of Vile Bodies" in a recent issue of EWN (Autumn 1970). The most effective scene was Simon Balcairn's (played by Jonathan Cecil) last report to his paper. Dressed completely in black and using a phone located in a darkened room, the camera looked down on his pale face with his cavernous mouth wide open in glorious yet agonizing defeat which conveyed a complete knowledge of the hollowness of his life.
To complete its short season of Evelyn Waugh, the BBC televised an anonymous ninety minute adaption of Put Out More Flags on December 16. It was better than the Vile Bodies adaption as a television play, but it was much less faithful to the book. It omitted almost entirely the characters of Alastair Trumpington and Cedric Lyne and had none of the military scenes of the training, of Cedric's death, or of Alastair's motivations. Again, while it presented a good picture of the period of the Phony War, the serious part of the book was subordinate to the humor to an even greater proportion than was evident in Vile Bodies. The idea of the Churchillian Renaissance seemed to be tacked on at the end, there was no mention of importance of the individual, and Waugh's nostalgia for the period of English history that had just passed was missing. The focus was on Basil Seal (Anthony Valentine) with subsidiary interest in Angela (Hildegard Neil) and Ambrose Silk (John Wood). Basil's 'rackets' as MI 13, as the assistant billeting officer, and as Col. Plum's assistant formed the major part of the action. The most effective scenes were Basil's adventures with the Connolly's. In fact, Doris, in all her hideousness, complete with streaked hair, almost stole the show. What was lacking, though, was the suggestion of Basil's planning of the Connolly mission being related to military tactics. Ambrose was the proper aesthete, but his position as being out of place in the changing world was omitted. Much the same is true of Angela whose decline into drunkenness was well done, but the reasons for it were not clearly shown. The part of Basil missed much of the essential seediness and insolence, and he came over as being too clean-cut; however, the childish delight in his rackets was caught very well in the actor's eyes. In short the humor of the characters was emphasised and not the fact that they remained individuals in a changing world.
While the two adaptations failed Waugh in the respects noted, they were well worth watching. They recreated the periods in which they were set and they proved to be very entertaining. The failures were basically connected with the inability to translate Waugh's use of language for comic and ironic effect to television. This eliminated much of the wit of the comic detachment as well as the subtleties of depth in the characters, but the broad force that emerged was very successful.
As a further note of interest, on December 27, 1969 the BBC televised a production of Waugh's short story "Winner Take All." It was a fifty minute adaptation by Peter Nichols and starred Joan Greenwood. It was quite successful in recreating the satire on the upper-class society, and Waugh's detached view was used to great effect.
D. S. Gallagher (James Cook University of North Queensland, Australia)
(D. S. Gallagher has been working on Waugh bibliography for many years. He sends the following additions, corrections, and suggestions to the 1957 checklist on Waugh published in BB.)
1. Addition to Introduction to Books "Preface" to A Selection from the occasional Sermons of the Rt Reverend Monsignor Ronald Arbuthnott Knox; sometime scholar of Balliol College and Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford; Domestic Prelate to His Holiness the Pope, ed. Evelyn Waugh . London: Dropmore Press, 1949, pp. 7-9. (Limited edition of 550 copies).
2. Correct 'Epoch-Maker' to 'Epoch-Marker'. "An Epoch-Marker", (review of Cock-o-doodle-do). Spectator, CLXVIII (December 19, 1941), 582.
3. I strongly suggest classifying the following item as a review rather than as an article as it is a detailed account and criticism of the book (by Mrs. Millicent Fenwick) with which it deals. Though I recognize the difficulty of discriminating between 'review' and 'article arising out of a book', I feel confident about this one being a review.
"The Amenities in America", (review of Vogue's Book of Etiquette). Atlantic Monthly, CLXXXIII (January, 1949), 79-80.
4. I am not at all confident about suggesting this, but I think that it could just as well be a review of Knox's Old Testament as an article on the subject.
"Monsignor Knox's Old Testament: a literary opinion", (review of Ronald Knox's Old Testament). (Month, ns. II (July 1949), 41-43.
5. I am even more doubtful of this suggestion. Waugh uses the occasion of writing about Across the River and into the Trees to make general observations about Hemingway and his critics, but he does review the novel.
"The Case of Mr. Hemingway", (review of Across the River and into the Trees). Commonweal, LIII (November 3, 1950), 97-98.
6. Another correction. "The Book Unbeautiful" is a review not only of Observations but also of Yousuf Karsh's Portraits of Greatness. (See p. 729).
"The Book Unbeautiful", (review of Observations and Portraits of Greatness), Spectator, CCIII (November 20, 1959), 728-729.
7. I think this suggestion warrants careful consideration. Though the title is misleading, "The Art of Mr. Alfred Duggan" is very much a straight review of God and My Right. Waugh refers to it in the reviewer's manner as Duggan's 'latest book', and it seems obvious to me that Waugh is introducing the book to the public, and that is his primary purpose. This is simply the main review in the Christmas Books section.
"The Art of Mr. Alfred Duggan", (review of God and My Right). Spectator, CXCV (November 18, 1955), 667-668.
8. A distinction was made in the 1957 original bibliography between "Book Reviews" and "Review of a Play", and it seemed right because the review of Titus Andronicus was primarily the review of a performance, not of the play itself. Waugh's review of Osborne's Luther seems to me a different matter, since it is mainly a critical account of what Osborne is driving at, not a comment on a production.
"Luther: John Osborne's New Play", (review of Luther). Critic, XX, no. 4 (February-March, 1962), 53-55.
9. "Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War"
I wonder how many grateful users of P. A. Doyle's pioneering bibliography of Evelyn Waugh, and of the bibliographies that depended on it, were baffled by the entry, "Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War", Left Review, 1937. I myself received several assurances from the major research libraries that the item was not able to be located. Recently one scholar declared flatly that it was unavailable. May I attempt to throw light on a (to many people) puzzling situation?
The item can be easily found when the editors, L. Aragon and others, are known. On receiving it one discovers that it is not an article by Waugh in the Left Review, but a "sixpenny pamphlet" published by the Left Review containing answers from 148 authors to questions asked by the editors. 127 answers favour the Republicans, 16 are neutral, and 5 express opposition to "the Government".
Waugh's answer, predictably among the "anti-Government" responses, is not of great intrinsic interest as it repeats views he expressed elsewhere rather often. It can be easily quoted in full:
Are you for, or against, the legal government and the People of Republican Spain? Are you for, or against, Franco and Fascism?
Answer by Evelyn Waugh
I know Spain only as a tourist and a reader of the newspapers. I am no more impressed by the "legality" of the Valencia Government than are English Communists by the legality of the Crown, Lords, and Commons. I believe it was a bad government, rapidly deteriorating. If I were a Spaniard I should be fighting for General Franco. As an Englishman I am not in the predicament of choosing between two evils. I am not a Fascist nor shall I become one unless it were the only alternative to Marxism. It is mischievous to suggest that such a choice is imminent.
It may be of interest to EWN readers in the United States to know that Cornell University Library holds a copy of this item. It can be located by supplying the following information: "Authors take sides on the Spanish War;" (Answers to a questionnaire issued by L. Aragon and others). London, Left Review, 1937.
EWN's editor just came upon the Heinemann "Modern Novel Series" edition of The Loved One (London, 1967). Well-printed and sturdily bound, it contains an uninformative "Introduction" by Linton Stone. Stone gives well-known biographical and career details about Waugh and his works and summarizes the novel. This book joins Decline and Fall in the Heinemann Series (See EWN, I (Winter 1967), 7-8)
Re a possible Waugh contribution to the Chicago Sun in late 1946 (EWN, IV (Spring 1970), 8), the editor discovered that no letter from Waugh was printed in the Sun either in November or December 1946.
Mlle. Jeanne Desarmenien of Clermont adds two items to Tosser's French area biblio (EWN, IV (Spring 1970), 8-9:
Albérès, R. M. "Evelyn Waugh ou de l'humour à l'essentialisme," Revue de Paris (April 1956), pp. 82-91. (Mentioned by Kosok, cf. EWN, " (Spring 1968), 1).
Lapicque, F. "La satire dans l'Oeuvre d'Evelyn Waugh," Paris, Etudes Anglaises, X (July-September 1957), 193-215.
Paul A. Doyle, Winnifred Bogaards, and Robert M. Davis
8. Review of a Play
"'Luther': John Osborne's New Play," Critic, XX (February-March 1962), 53-55. Reprinted in Drama Critique, (Fall 1964), 170-172.
9. Letters to the Editor
"Combatant," "Why Not War Writers?" Horizon, IV (December 1941), 437-438. Unsigned, but included in a bound collection of articles by and about Waugh in the Waugh Collection at the University of Texas, and internal evidence links it closely with the language and tone of Put Out More Flags. The letter refers to "Why Not War Writers? A Manifesto," Horizon, IV (October 1941), 236-239.
"Victorian Taste," Times, March 3, 1942, 5.
"Snobbery and Titles," Spectator, CLXVIII (May 8, 1942), 443.
"Picasso and Matisse," (in reply to letters from R. O. Dunlop and D. Saurat, "Picasso and Matisse," Times, December 18, 1945, 5) , Times, December 20, 1945, 5.
"Evelyn Waugh Upholds Knox Version," Universe, February 27, 1946.
"Foreign Travel for Young Writers," Times, April 17, 1947, 5.
"The Last Days of Hitler," Tablet, CLXXXIX (June 28, 1947), 335.
"A Visit to America," Times, November 6, 1947, 5.
"Christian Prayer," Times, May 21, 1948, 5; Times, May 25, 1948, 5.
"The Heart of the Matter," Tablet, CXCII (July 17, 1948), 41.
"Electric Sanctuary Lamps," Tablet, CXCVI (September 9, 1950), 215.
"Matisse Builds a Church," Tablet, CXCVI (December 2, 1950), 486.
"The South Bank at Night," with Christopher Sykes and Douglas Woodruff, Times, May 24, 1951,
"The Claque," Sunday Times, August 12, 1951, p. 8.
"Saint Helena," Tablet, CXCVIII (November 3, 1951), 324; (November 17, 1951), 364.
"Tax on Dollar Earnings," Times, February 6, 1952, 5.
"Taxation of Authors," Times, May 24, 1952, 7.
"Tito and Stepinac," New Statesman and Nation, NS XLV (February 28, 1953), 233.
"President Tito's Visit," Times, March 24, 1953, 9.
"Sir Thomas More," New Statesman and Nation, NS XLVI (December 12, 1953), 762. Response to H. R. Trevor-Roper's "Books in General," December 5, 1953, 735-736. Responses to this letter by Trevor-Roper and Sean O'Casey, December 26, 1953, 822.
"Sir Thomas More," New Statesman and Nation, NS XLVII (January 9, 1954), 41-42.
"Conditions in Goa," Times, March 24, 1954, 9.
"Hilaire Belloc," New Statesman and Nation, XLVIII (July 3, 1954), 16. Response to review of Belloc's verse by James Reeves, XLVII (June 26, 1954), 838.
"Painter and Patron: Responsibilities to One Another," Times, July 17, 1954, 7.
"A Star for Silence," Times, April 28, 1955, 13.
"Stonor," Tablet, CCVT(July 16, 1955), 66. Letter also signed by Ronald Knox and Michael Trappes-Lomax.
"Statues in London," Times, July 20r 1955, 9.
"Matisse Reliefs," Times, June 20, 1956, 11.
"Popish Plotters," New Statesman and Nation, NS LII (September 1, 1956), 243. Response to Trevor-Roper's comment in "Books in General," August 25, 1956, 217. See reply by Trevor-Roper, September 8, 1956, 284.
"Monsignor Ronald Knox," Tablet, CCX (September 7, 1957), 194.
"Mgr. R. A. Knox," Tablet, CCXI (June 7, 1958), 536. This letter is signed by several writers in addition to Waugh, e.g. C. S. Lewis and Harold Macmillan.
"An Unposted Letter," Times, June 17, 1959, 11
"Social Distinctions," Times, September 19, 1959, 7.
"Mr. 'C,'" New Statesman and Nation, NS LVIII (October 24, 1959), 546. Response to Malcolm Muggeridge's comment in "London Diary," October 17, 1959, 499.
"The Life of Ronald Knox," Tablet, CCXIII (November 7, 1959), 970.
"A Bishop's Rebuke," Times, July 5, 1960, p. 13.
"Lady Chatterley," Spectator, CCV (November 18, 1960), 771.
"Evelyn Waugh Replies," Encounter, XV (December 1960), 83. Reply to Frank Kermode's "Mr. Waugh's Cities," November 1960, 63-66, 68-70.
"Nihil Obstat," Times, March 7, 1961, p. 13.
"Old Men at the Zoo," (reply to John Mortimer, "A Fatal Giraffe," Spectator (September 29, 1961), 431), Spectator, CCVII (October 13, 1961), 501.
"Indexes," Times, October 16, 1961, 13.
"The Dialogue Mass," Tablet, CCXVII (March 16, 1963), 292.
"The Council: Phase One," Tablet, CCXVII (September 7, 1963), 969.
"The Council - Phase One," Tablet, CCXVII (September 21, 1963), 1017.
"What is Expendable?" Tablet, CCXVII (September 28, 1963), 1044.
"Using English in the Latin Mass," (reply to letter from Edward Hutton, "Using English in the Latin Mass," Times, August 6, 1964, 9), Times, August 8, 1964, 7.
"Changes in the Church," Catholic Herald, August 7, 1964, p. 4. This letter drew several replies in the August 14 issue of the Herald. One letter was entitled "Waugh the ex-Beatle," p. 5.
"A Suggestion for Mr. Waugh," Commonweal, LXXXI (December 4, 1964), 352-353.
"An Aid to Participation?" Tablet, CCXIX (April 24, 1965), 473.
"Fides Quaerens Intellectum," Tablet, CCXIX (July 31, 1965), 864.
"Edwardian Life," Spectator, CCXV (August 6, 1965), 176.
"Sweetness of Temper," Tablet, CCXIX (August 14, 1965), 914.
"Fides Quaerens Intellectum," Tablet, CCXIX (August 21, 1965), 938.
"Some Modest Proposals from Illinois," Tablet, CCXIX (September 18, 1965), 1040.
10. Short Stories
"St. Helena Meets Constantius; a legend retold," Tablet, CLXXXVI (December 22, 1945), 299-302.
"The Wish," Good Housekeeping, CXXIV (March 1947), 22-23, 319-326, 328.
"Tactical Exercise," Strand, CXII (March 1947), 45-54; The Pick of Today's Short Stories, ed. John Pudney (London: Odhams Press Limited, 1949), pp. 259-272; Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine (October 1966), 24-34.
"Bella Fleace Gave a Party," Sign, XXVII (December 1947), 26-29; Ave Maria, XCIV (October 7, 1961), 21-23.
"Mr. Loveday's Little Outing," Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, XVIII (September 1951), 124-129.
"On Guard," Modern English Short Stories, Second Series, ed. Derek Hudson, London: Oxford University Press, 1956, pp 118-132.
"The Man Who Liked Dickens," (reprint of a short story which, with some variations, forms the ending to A Handful of Dust), Cosmopolitan, CXLIII (August 1957), 96-100. The Best from Cosmopolitan, ed. Richard Gelman. New York: Avon, 1961. The headnote indicates that the story was first published in September 1933 and reprinted in September 1957. Reprinted in Alfred Hitchcock Presents 12 Stories for Late at Night. New York: Random House, 1961, pp. 301-314; New York: Dell, 1962, pp. 205-223.
"Basil Seal Rides Again," Esquire, LIX (March 1963), 74-75, 77, 79, 122, 124. In some commentaries, this narrative is considered a novelette.
11. Articles and Essays
"Hilary A. St. George Saunders," Book-of-the-Month Club News, May 1943, pp. 5-6. (This reference was discovered by John L. Downing of Boston and reported to EWN.)
"What to Do with the Upper Classes," Town and Country, CI (September 1, 1946), 141, 260-261.
"The Scandinavian Capitals: Contrasted Post-War Moods," Daily Telegraph and Morning Post, November 11, 1947, p. 4.
"Scandinavia Prefers a Bridge to an Eastern Rampart," Daily Telegraph and Morning Post, November 13, 1947, p. 4.
"The Man Hollywood Hates," Evening Standard, November 13, 1947.
"A Progressive Game," Listener, XLV (May 31, 1951), 872-873.
"Nancy Mitford," Book-of-the-Month Club News, September 1951, pp. 8, 10.
"Prince of Enjoyment," Sunday Times, December 7, 1952. Same as "Urbane Enjoyment Personified," New York Times Magazine, November 30, 1952, pp. 146-149.
"St. Helena Empress," in Saints and Ourselves, London: Hollis & Carter, 1953, pp. 1-5.
"After 'Family Portrait': Selections from the Next Popular Controversy," Punch, CCXXVIII (May 25, 1955), 632.
"Lesson of the Master," Sunday Times, May 27, 1956, p. 8. Same as "Max Beerbohm: A Lesson in Manners," Atlantic, CXCVIII (September 1956), 75-76.
"The Death of Painting," The Saturday Book: No. 16, ed. John Hatfield. London: Hutchinson and Company, 1956, pp. 49-53.
"Titus With a Grain of Salt" and "Awake My Soul! It is a Lord," in Spectrum: A Spectator Miscellany (London: Longmans Green and Co., 1956), pp. 8-11; 149-157.
"A Tribute to Ronald Knox," Sunday Times, September 1, 1957, p. 7.
"Anything Wrong With Priestley?" article replying to J. B. Priestley's review of The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold, "What Was Wrong With Pinfold," New Statesman, NS LIV (August 31, 1957), 244), Spectator, CXCIX (September 13, 1957), 328-329.
"Ronald Knox: the Quintessence of Oxford," Tablet, CCXIII (May 2, 1959), 419. (The text of a speech about Knox given at Oxford).
"Aspirations of a Mugwump," Spectator, CCIII (October 2, 1959), 435.
"On Wine," The Pan Book of Wine, (London, 1959), 9-13.
"In the growing cult of sun-worship, I pity the helpless Briton," Daily Mail, March 28, 1960, p. 8. This article and the following Daily Mail entries are part of the "Passport into Spring" series.
"Now, why can't Britain have a CASINO AT THE END OF EVERY PIER," Daily Mail, March 29, 1960, p. 6.
"Sinking, shadowed and sad - the last glory of Europe," Daily Mail, March 30, 1960, p. 6.
"Thank heavens for DDT," Daily Mail, March 31, 1960, p. 13, Daily Mail, April 6, 1960, 1st. ed., p. 12.
"An Irishman in the Making," The Observer, February 12, 1961, p. 9.
"An Act of Homage and Reparation to P. G. Wodehouse" (text of BBC broadcast, July 15, 1961), Sunday Times, Mag. Sect., July 16, 1961, 21, 23.
"Evelyn Waugh on Sloth," Sunday Times, Mag. Section, January 7, 1962, 21. Reprinted in The Seven Deadly Sins, London: Sunday Times Publications, 1962; New York: William Morrow Co., 1962, pp. 56-64. Excerpt in Catholic Digest, XXVII (March 1963), 105-109.
"Here they are, the English lotus-eaters," Daily Mail, March 20, 1962.
"Manners and Morals," Daily Mail, April 12, 1962, p. 12.
"Manners and Morals - 2," Daily Mail, April 13, 1962, p. 10.
"Return to Eldorado," Sunday Times, Mag. Sect., August 12, 1962, 17. Reprinted as "Eldorado Revisited," National Review, XIII (October 9, 1962), 259-261.
"The Same Again, Please," Spectator, CCIX (November 23, 1962), 785-788;
"The Some Again Please: A Layman's Hopes of the Vatican Council," National Review, XIII (December 4, 1962), 429-432. Reprinted as a separate pamphlet by the National Review, 1962.
"First Faltering Steps - 1. Drinking," The Compleat Imbiber 6: An Entertainment, ed. Cyril Ray (London: Vista Books, 1963), pp. 15-18. New York: Paul Eriksson, 1963.
"An Appreciation of Pope John," Saturday Evening Post, CCXXXVI (July 27, 1963), 84-85.
"Alfred Duggan." (Text of Broadcast given on July 2, 1964), Spectator, CCXIII (July 10, 1964), 38-39. Reprinted as "Alfred Duggan: In Memoriam," America, III (October 24, 1964), 483-485.
"Evelyn Waugh's Impressions of Spain," Venture, II (February 1965), 58-63.
"Fizz, Bubbly, Pop," Vogue, CXLVI (September 1965), 156, 164.
"An open letter to Hon. Mrs. Peter Rodd (Nancy Mitford) on A Very Serious Subject," Encounters: An Anthology from the First Ten Years of Encounter Magazine, $elected by Melvin J. Lasky (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1965), pp. 169-176.
T. C. Ryan, "A Talk With Evelyn Waugh," Sign, XXXVII (August 1957), 41-43.
Mary Crozier, "Interviewing Mr. Waugh," Tablet, CCXIV (July 2, 1960), 623. A brief account of Waugh being interviewed on "Face to Face" program.
(Interview with Julian Jebb) "The Art of Fiction XXX: Evelyn Waugh," Paris Review VIII (Summer-Fall 1963), 72-85. Reprinted in Writers at Work. The Paris Review Interviews, Third Series (New York: Viking, 1967), pp. 103-114. Julian Jebb, "Evelyn Waugh: Facing the Inquisition," (London) Times Saturday Review, December 23, 1967, p. 19: The Paris Review material with some additional anecdotes.
Face to Face, ed. Hugh Burnett (London: Jonathan Cope, 1964), pp. 94-95. Contains a comment uttered by Waugh on the "Face to Face" interview.
"Sir George Sitwell," (written June 20, 1942), in Osbert Sitwell, Laughter in the Next Room, Boston: Little, Brown, 1948, pp. 369-370; London: Macmillan, 1949, p. 349.
"Books of the Year Chosen by Eminent Contemporaries," Sunday Times, December 23. 1951, p. 3.
"The Man Who Liked Dickens," A Television Play Adapted by Robert Tallman, Literary Cavalcade (April 1954). Readily accessible in Adventures in Appreciation, ed. Walter Loban, Dorothy Holmstrom, Luella B. Cook (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1958), pp. 432-447.
(Comments on merits of modern film and novel) in Film en Roman. Amsterdam: De Kim, 1956, p. 16.
"Books of the Year II," Sunday Times, January 1, 1956, p. 7. A brief comment by Waugh on the best books written during 1955.
A note from Waugh about writing the life of Knox, The Critic, October 1957, p. 48.
"'Brideshead Revisited' Revisited," The Critic, XX (December 1961-January 1962), p. 35. This is the preface from the revised second uniform edition of Brideshead (1960).
"Waugh on Waugh," Sunday Telegraph, April 17, 1966. Contains excerpts from various prefaces to several of the New Uniform Editions.
14. Excerpts from Books
"My Father's House," Horizon, IV (November 1941), 329-341; Town and Country, XCVII (August 1942), 41, 56-57. Part of Chapter 1 of Work Suspended.
"Sample from a Novel: Incident from the forthcoming Put Out More Flags," Commonweal, XXXV (April 3, 1942), 585-586.
"A Home for the Connollies," Lilliput, X (June 1942), 465-468. A segment from the later part of Put Out More Flags.
"Love's Labor Lost," Town and Country, XCVIII (May 1943), 47-48, 78-80, 83-86. Another segment from Work Suspended, Chapter 2.
"Brideshead Revisited," serialized in Town and Country, XCIX (November 1944), 83-90; (December 1944), 99-106; C (January 1945), 61-68, 99-101, 117; (February 1945), 97-104, 140-143.
Helena (3 extracts). Month, NS III, (June 1950): "Helena - I," 391-409; Month, NS IV, (July 1950): "Helena - II," 7-40; Month, NS IV, (August 1950): "Helena - III," 77-103.
"The Life of Ronald Knox" (Extracts from Waugh's Life of Knox), Tablet, CCXIII (August 29, 1959), 712-714; (September 5, 1959), 734-736; (September 12, 1959), 758-759; (September 19, 1959), 783-785; (September 26, 1959), 807-809; (October 3, 1959), 832-833.
"Major Ludovic's State Sword," London Magazine, NS I (October 1961), 5-13.
"The End of the Battle," (episode from The End of the Battle), Esquire, LVI (December 1961), 171, 264, 266-267.
"My Father," Sunday Telegraph, December 2, 1962, 4-5. Reprinted as "Father and Son," Atlantic, CCXI (March 1963), 48-51.
"In Which Our Hero's Fortunes Fall Very Low" (excerpt from A Little Learning), Esquire, LXII (August 1964), 48-51.
"Apthorpe Placatus," The London Magazine, I (June 1954), 16-34. A segment from Bk. 1 of Officers and Gentlemen. "Charles's Holiday", excerpt from Brideshead Revisited, in The Golden Shore (Great Short Stories Selected for Young Readers), introd. William Peden (New York: Platt and Munk, 1967), pp. 161-174.
15. Preprints of Books
"Scott-King's Modern Europe" (abridged version of the novel Scott-King's Modern Europe), Cornhill, CLXII (Summer 1947), 321-364. The novelette was later published in The Russell Reader, ed. Leonard Russell (London: Cassell, 1956), pp. 333-376.
"The Loved One" (preprint of the novel with on introductory article by Cyril Connolly), Horizon, XVII (February 1948), 76-159.
"Love Among the Ruins," Lilliput (May-June 1953), 73-96. (This printing does not include the final paragraphs of the book version.); Commonweal, LVIII (July 31, 1953), 410-422. (The Commonweal version includes the book's final paragraphs.)
"Tourist in Africa" (preprints of a travel book in six installments), Spectator, CCV (July 15, 1960), 91-93, 95-96; (July 22, 1960), 127-130; (July 29, 1960), 178-181; (August 5, 1960), 210-213; (August 12, 1960), 243-246; (August 19, 1960), 275-278.
16. Addenda (omitted from Part 1)
"Introduction" to H. H. Munro (Saki), The Unbearable Bassington. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1947, pp. v-viii. The Century Library edition.
"A Trenchant Tory," (review of Talking at Random), Spectator, CLXIII (April 3, 1942), 332.
Decline and Fall, Revised (but original) text published by Chapman and Hall in 1962 available in Seven Great British Short Novels, ed. Philip Rahv (New York: Berkley, 1963); pp. 272-474.
Waugh's review of Diana Holman-Hunt's My Grandmother and I which appeared originally in the Spectator, CCV (October 14, 1960), 567, entitled "The Only Pre-Raphaelite", is reprinted in full in her book My Grandfather, His Wives and Loves (New York, 1969), pp. 292-295.
The Evelyn Waugh Newsletter, designed to stimulate research and continue interest in the life and writings of Evelyn Waugh, is published three times a year in April, October, and December (Spring, Autumn, and Winter numbers). Subscription rate for libraries and interested individuals: $2.50 a year (22 shillings in England). Single copy 90 cents. Check or money orders should be made payable to the Evelyn Waugh Newsletter. Notes, brief essays, and news items about Waugh and his work may be submitted, but manuscripts cannot be returned unless accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed envelope. Address all correspondence to Dr. P.A. Doyle, c/o English Department, Nassau Community College, State University of New York, Garden City, New York 11530.
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|Associate Editors:||Alfred W. Borrello (Kingsborough Community College)|
|James F. Carens (Bucknell University)|
|Robert M. Davis (University of Oklahoma)|
|Heinz Kosok (University of Marburg)|
|Charles E. Linck, Jr. (East Texas State University)|